Perspectives from Public Law and Political Studies
In the early 1990s, a wave of democratisation swept the African continent, resulting in a flurry of constitution-making and constitutional revision which entrenched human rights and established various institutional mechanisms to hold governments to account. After two decades of constitutional changes and other developments affecting governance in Africa it is now time to take stock and assess to what extent accountable governance has taken root there.Combining insights from public law and political studies, this edited volume looks at various institutions and mechanisms of accountability - national prosecuting authorities, the judiciary, human rights commissions, political parties and informal mechanisms. It assesses their effectiveness in holding African governments to account and how these institutions themselves are being held accountable.The book brings together a number of leading experts in the fields of public law, political science and democratisation and presents new knowledge about legal and political developments in a number of African countries (South Africa, Zambia, Malawi, Uganda, Tanzania, Ghana and Mali), knowledge that is relevant to the policy goal of developing and deepening democratic governance and accountable government on the continent.
Chapter 1: Accountable government in Africa: IntroductionChapter 2: Post-Apartheid Accountability: The Transformation of a Political IdeaChapter 3: The Politics of Constitutional Reform in Zambia: From executive dominance to public participation?Chapter 4: Judicial Independence and the Judicialisation of Electoral Politics in Malawi and UgandaChapter 5: From parliamentary supremacy to Judicial Review: Relations between Parliament and the Judiciary in TanzaniaChapter 6: Judicial Review of Parliamentary Actions in South Africa: A Nunanced Interpretation of the Separation of PowersChapter 7: Prosecutions, Politics and the Law: The Way Things AreChapter 8: The Civilianisation of Prosecutorial Services in TanzaniaChapter 9: Accountable Governance and the Role of National Human Rights Institutions: The Experience of the Malawi Human Rights CommissionChapter 10: Balancing Independence and Accountability: The Role of Chapter 9 Institutions in South Africa’s Constitutional DemocracyChapter 11: Accountability Compromised: Floor Crossing in Malawi and South AfricaChapter 12: Democracy within Political Parties: The State of Affairs in East and Southern AfricaChapter 13: Political Parties in Malawi: An Accountability AnalysisChapter 14: Family Matters: The Interplay between Formal and Informal Incentives for Accountability in Mali’s Local CommunitiesChapter 15: Understanding Local Forms of Accountability: Initial Findings from GhanaChapter 16: External Accountability Meets Accountability Assistance with Reference to Legislative Strengthening in Africa
Academics, students and practitioners in the fields of public law, public administration, political studies and African studies. Anyone who has an interest in developing and deepening democratic governance and accountable government on the African continent.