Rights, resources and livelihoods
Coastal resources are vital for communities in developing countries, many of whose coastal-dwellers live in severe poverty. These resources also hold significant value for a number of different sectors of the economy, such as mining, fisheries, forestry and tourism, which supply expanding global consumer markets. Although these activities provide opportunities for economic and income growth, global patterns indicate growing levels of economic inequality between the custodians of coastal resources and those who exploit them, as well as an increasing incidence in absolute levels of poverty. ‘Benefit-sharing’ has emerged as a popular term to describe interventions to redress inequalities and thus alleviate poverty.Drawing from empirical research in coastal communities across South Africa and Mozambique, this book provides cutting-edge analyses of and new conceptual approaches to these issues. It aims to enhance an understanding of why benefits are distributed in the way they are, the main blockages preventing greater equity, and strategies for more equitable benefit-sharing. The findings have relevance and application for coastal livelihoods, rural governance and resource sustainability, not only in these countries but across the world in a context where community rights are increasingly undermined by land-grabbing, unequal power relations and externally driven development interventions.
Chapter 1: Introduction – Rachel Wynberg and Maria HauckChapter 2: Methods and research approach Chapter 3: Coastal communities and livelihoods in South Africa and MozambiqueChapter 4: Enhancing benefits to small-scale fishers along the east coast of South Africa Chapter 5: Mining and the myth of benefits in South African rural coastal communities Chapter 6: The impact of policy and law on benefit-sharing: a case from Mozambique Chapter 7: Sharing benefits from tourism in Mozambique: pitfalls and possibilities Chapter 8: Benefit-sharing and coastal livelihoods: towards an integrated, just and holistic approach