Human rights and entitlements perspectives
The right to food is guaranteed in South Africa’s Constitution as it is in international law. Yet food insecurity remains widespread and persistent, at levels much higher than in countries with similar levels of per capita GDP and development, such as Brazil.
In this book, leading local and international researchers on food security and related policy work have come together to create the first systematic and trans-disciplinary analysis of food security and its multiple dimensions in South Africa and the southern African region. Drawing on Amartya Sen’s entitlement theory to identify the key drivers of hunger, they see food insecurity as a chronic, structurally based condition rather than only resulting from natural environmental disasters, temporary economic shocks and household vulnerabilities.
The authors focus on a range of policy options and choices to provide short-term and longer-term solutions to the systemic causes of unemployment, failing rural livelihoods and traditional subsistence production. They also emphasise the linkages between the social and economic dimensions of food insecurity and use an integrative, interdisciplinary approach to analyse the reasons why these conditions persist and what can be done to address them.
Importantly the book brings together work undertaken at local and national levels in new ways so that policy-makers, researchers, human rights advocates and social and economic scholars are better able to make the links between macro- and micro-processes of development.
Foreword - Olivier de Schutter, University of Louvain, UN Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food 2008-2014PART I – KEY CONCEPTS AND ISSUESChapter 1 – Food security in South Africa: A human rights and entitlement perspective - Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, The New School, USA and Viviene Taylor, University of Cape TownChapter 2 – The right to food: A global perspective - Susan Randolph and Shareen Hertel, University of Connecticut, USAChapter 3 - Is the right to food really necessary? - David Bilchitz, University of Johannesburg PART II – WHO AND WHERE ARE THE FOOD INSECURE HOUSEHOLDS AND INDIVIDUALS?Chapter 4 – Food security in South Africa: A review of data and trends - Johannes John-Langba, University of Cape TownChapter 5 - Changes in food security in South Africa since the end of apartheid: Evidence using child malnourishment - Julian May, University of the Western CapeChapter 6 - Food insecurity amongst urban households - Jane Battersby, African Centre for Cities, University of Cape TownChapter 7 - The gender dimensions of food security: Women’s experiences of entitlements and deprivation in South Africa - Viviene Taylor and Chance Chagunda, University of Cape Town PART III – SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC POLICIES TO STRENGTHEN EXCHANGE, TRANSFER AND PRODUCTION ENTITLEMENTSChapter 8 – Achieving food security through social policies: Comprehensive social protection for development - Viviene Taylor, University of Cape TownChapter 9 – Household-level food insecurity and agriculture in South Africa – Michael Aliber, University of Fort HareChapter 10 – Testing the government’s emergency relief mechanism: What happens when poor households attempt to access the Social Relief of Distress Grant? - Jackie Dugard, University of Witwatersrand Chapter 11 - Right to food advocacy in India: Possibilities, limitations and lessons learned - Shareen Hertel, University of ConnecticutChapter 12 – Aligning policy to address food insecurity: Institutional challenges and political will in South Africa - Scott Drimie, Stellenbosch University Chapter 13 - Policies, institutions, politics and ideas for food security as a human right – Sakiko Fukuda-Parr, The New School, USA
Scholars, students and policy-makers in the social, economic and health sciences and human rights or legal fields; civil society organisations, government and research-based institutions.